All India Crop Improvement Project (Sorghum), Akola

 

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About Project

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Faculty Information

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Agro Climatic Information

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Infrastructure Facilities

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Mandate

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Research Activities

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Research Achievements

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Research Recommendations

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Contact Information

 

About Project

During 1975 ICAR New Delhi has sanctioned a small sub center at Akola with one post of Sorghum breeder, three posts of Senior Research Assistant and four posts of Agricultural Assistant on the financial assistance of 25.75 basis. One small scheme with one post of striga physiologist was granted under PL-480 programme in the year 1975. This scheme was in operation for five year and then discontinued. During 1979-80 State Government of Maharashtra approved a scheme on strengthening of Sorghum Research at Akola with some technical and supporting staff.
The systematic research programme with coordinated approach was started from 1980.During 1990 ICAR launched special project on “Promotion of Research and development Efforts on Hybrids in selected crops”. Under this project, Akola center was included in 1991. Two contractual Research Associates and some contingencies were provided under this project. Later on from April., 1999 the said project is converted in NATP Mission Mode Project on “ Development of Hybrids- Rabi sorghum” and only one Research Associate and some contingencies were provided under NATP scheme to this center. This project was discontinued on 31st December, 2003.
From July 1999, an Adhoc project on ‘ Development of multicut forage Sorghum Hybrids’ was sanctioned by ICAR. Under this scheme, one research Associate and some recurring contingencies has been provided to this center .This scheme was sanctioned for the period of three year and commenced from 1st July 1999 and discontinued on 30th June 2003..During June 2000, four NATP schemes under Production System Research ( PSR) mode were sanctioned and allotted to Sorghum research Unit . presently, All India Crop Improvement Project( Sorghum) funded by ICAR and State Non plan ( Kharif Sorghum) schemes are operational at Sorghum Research Unit Dr, P.D.K.V.Akola.

 

Agro Climatic Information

Sorghum in Vidarbha is cultivated in three Agro – ecological zones viz. Western Vidarbha zone with 700 – 950 mm rainfall , Central Vidarbha zone with 950 – 1250 mm rainfall and Eastern Vidarbha zone with 1250 – 1700 mm rainfall . The cultivation of Kharif sorghum is mostly concentrated in Western, Central and part of eastern Vidarbha zone. Whereas, rabi sorghum is mostly cultivated in buldhan district of western vidarbha zone and Chandrapur district of eastern vidarbha zone.

 

Infrastructure

The sorghum Research Unit is situated at Central Research Station, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth , Akola (M.S) . The land, laboratory and other facilities are available with this research unit .

 

Mandate and Objectives

The main mandate given to this center was development of hybrids/varieties and package of practices for Kharif sorghum. In addition to that, the center has been concentrating on rabi, forage, sweet sorghum and Wani Sorghum (grain for parching purpose) improvement activities.

Accordingly the research programme has been planned and undertaken with following objectives.

A. Sorghum Breeding

Kharif

  1. Breeding early and mid late maturity male sterile lines and Restorer lines for development of potential hybrids.
  2. Breeding early hybrids/ varieties for drought prone areas and development of new hybrids / varieties with midlate maturity ( 115 to 120 days) for assured rainfall areas.
  3. Breeding for grain mold tolerance/ resistance.
  4. Breeding for shoot fly tolerance/ resistance.

Rabi

  1. Development of rabi adopted, shoot fly & drought tolerant, male sterile lines.
  2. Development of rabi adopted, shoot fly & drought tolerant and early maturing restorers and varieties.
  3. To develop rabi adopted, shoot fly tolerant, photo insensitive, drought tolerant hybrids.

Forage Sorghum

  1. To develop high yielding single cut and multicut forage sorghum hybrids and varieties with good regeneration and better tillering capacity.
  2. To breed nutritionally better hybrids and varieties having more protein and IVDMD percent.

Sweet sorghum and Wani Sorghum

  1. Development and evaluation of sweet sorghum varieties for high yield and better quality.
  2. Development and evaluation of wani Sorghum (Sorghum for parching purpose), for high yield and better quality.

B. Agronomy

  1. Developing package of practices for newly developed hybrids and varieties
  2. Developing low cost input management in sorghum.
  3. Developing sorghum based stable cropping system.
  4. Studies on integrated nutrient management in sorghum based cropping system.
  5. ‘N’ economy through green manuring, biofertilizer and organic manuring

C. Entomology

  1. Screening of sorghum hybrids/varieties against major pests of sorghum.
  2. Screening of breeding materials for resistance to shoot fly and stem borer
  3. Evaluation of new insecticides, bio-pesticides and plant products for the control of major pests in IPM program.

D. Plant Pathology

  1. Screening the breeding material and varieties of sorghum for grain mold and of other major diseases.
  2. Developing plant protection schedule for control of major sorghum diseases.

 

Research Activities

A. Ongoing Research work ( Breeding Programme)

Kharif

1. Shoot fly resistance breeding programme.

  1. Development of new shootyfly resistance male sterile lines
  2. Development of new shootfly resistance Restorers lines.
  3. Development of new shootfly resistance hybrids/varieties.
2. Grain mold resistance breeding programme.
  1. Development of new grain mold resistance male sterile lines.
  2. Development of new grain mold resistance restorers lines.
  3. Development of new grain mold resistance hybrids/varieties.
3. Grain breeding programme.
  1. Development of new male sterile lines for higher yield & better grain quality.
  2. Development of new restorer lines for higher yield & better grain quality.
  3. Development of new hybrids/ varieties for higher yield & better grain quality.
4. Maintaince and evaluation of germplasm, male sterile lines (ms) and restorer lines.
5. Evaluation of hybrids/varieties in initial testing trials of (University /AICSIP ) for higher yield & better grain quality.
6. Evaluation hybrids/ varieties in advance testing trials of (University/ AICSIP) for higher yield & better grain quality.
7. Nucleus, breeders & foundation seed production programmes.
 
Rabi
 
1. Rabi grain breeding programme.
  1. Development of new male sterile lines for higher yield & better grain quality.
  2. Development of new restorer lines for higher yield & better grain quality.
  3. Development of new hybrids/ varieties for higher yield & better grain quality.
2. Maintenance and evaluation of rabi germplasm.
3. Evaluation of varieties and hybrids in initial testing
4. Evaluation of varieties & hybrids in advance testing trials (University & AICSIP) for higher yield and better quality.
5. Evaluation of varieties & hybrids in State level testing programme for higher yield and better quality.
6. Evaluation of varieties and hybrids in multilocation testing (University & AICSIP) for higher yield and better quality.
 
B. Forage Sorghum Research programme
  1. Maintaiance & evaluation of germplasm.
  2. Development of MS lines & R lines
  3. Breeding for Single cut & Multi cut varieties / hybrids.
  4. Evaluation of varieties/hybrids in initial testing trials of University & AISCIP for high yield & better quality.
  5. Evaluation of varieties/hybrids (single cut) in advance testing trials of University & AISCIP for high yield & better quality.
  6. Evaluation of varieties/hybrids (Multicut) in initial testing trials of University & AISCIP for high yield & better quality.
  7. Evaluation of varieties/hybrids (Multicut) in advance testing trials of University & AISCIP for high yield & better quality.
Agronomy
  1. Studies on response of advanced/pre-released grain sorghum and sweet sorghum genotypes to different fertility levels under rainfed condition.
  2. Internal diversification in sorghum based inter crop by system.
  3. Evaluation of promising sorghum hybrids and varieties for intercropping system.
  4. Studies on tillage, integrated nutrient management, micronutrients management, weed management practices and moisture conservation practices for sorghum.
  5. Maximization of Kharif sorghum yield. (Grain & Sweet Sorghum).
  6. Demonstrating the yield potential of improved varieties and hybrids and new technology on famers field through front line demostation.
Sorghum Pathology
  1. Survey for disease situation (Major diseases of sorghum & grain mold) at different locations in the region.
  2. Screening & evaluation of sorghum genotypes for major sorghum diseases in the region.
    (Advance, Initial, State level & AICSIP material).
  3. a. Grain mold.
    b. Foliar diseases.
    c. Earhead disease.
  4. Screening & evaluation of newly developed genotypes and breeding material against grain mold and other important diseases.
  5. Identification and Selection of grain mold resistance lines for further exploitation.

 

Research Achievements

Hybdrids Released at National Level

    Variety and salient features

CSH_14

 

  CSH_14

  1. Released during 1992 ( notified).
  2. Early maturing (100-105 days)
  3. It is a replacement for CSH- 1 & CSH- 6.
  4. It has high grain yield potential of 48-50 q/ha & Fodder yield is 85-90q/ha.
  5. It is early & medium height.
  6. Second crop is also possible after its harvest.
  7. Best suitable for intercropping and ratoon crop.

 

 

 

CSH- 19 R

 

  CSH- 19 R

  1. Released during 2000 ( notified).
  2. Suitable for deep soil in irrigated area.
  3. It matures in 115-120 day.
  4. It gives grain yield of 38 – 40 q/ha and fodder yield of 80 -85 q/ha.
  5. Its grain quality is similar to Maldandi 35-1.

 

 

 

 

 

SPH- 388

 

  SPH- 388

  1. Released during 1988 (notified).
  2. It is mid late (100 to 150 days) Kharif hybrid.
  3. It is a supplementary hybrid to CSH- 9.
  4. Its gives grain yield of 48-50 q/ha and fodder yield is 120-125 q/ha
  5. It is the best hybrid for heavy soil .
  6. It is a easy for seed production.

 

 

 

SPH – 840

 

  SPH – 840

  1. Released during 1988 (notified).
  2. This medium maturity hybrids (110-115 days).
  3. It has high grain yield of 48-50 q/ha and fodder yield 105-110q/ha.
  4. It is suitable for ratoon crop.

 

 

 

 

 

Varieties Released at State Level

ramteki

 

  Improved Ramteki

  1. Released during 1988 (notified).
  2. It is fodder sorghum variety ( Single cut).
  3. The variety become ready for cutting in 75-80 days (green fodder) & matures in 135- 140 days(Dry fodder ).
  4. It has potential of 400-450 q/ha of green fodder.
  5. Seed production – grain yield 20 -22 q/ha.
  6. It is best for Kharif as well as summer season for single cut.

 

 

spv-669

 

  SPV- 669

  1. Released during 1988 (notified).
  2. It matures in115-120 days.
  3. It has multiple tolerance against shootfly, stem borer, midgefly and drought.
  4. It gives grain yield 38-40 q/ha and fodder yield 120-125 q/ha.
  5. Excellent grain & roti quality.

 

 

 

 

pkv-kranti

 

  PKV Kranti ( AKSV – 13 R)

  1. Released during 2004 (notified).
  2. Suitable for rabi season in Maharashtra.
  3. It gives grain yield 25 to 30 q/ha & fodder yield 70 q/ha.
  4. Suitable for rainfed and irrigated condition.
  5. Tolerant to shoot fly, stem borer & leaf blight.

 

 

 

akssv-22

 

  AKSSV – 22

  1. Released during 2006 (notified).
  2. It has higher total fresh biomass (S4-94q/ha) than check SSV- 84 and RSSV
  3. It has grain yield 12 – 14 q/ha. & fodder yield 400- 410 q/ha.
  4. It has 11.5 to 12% sugar in juice.
  5. Alcohol yield from cane juice 1450 to 1500 lit/ha.
  6. Alcohol yield from grain 1850 to 1870 lit/ha.
  7. Juice yield 11 to 12 thousand lit/ha.
  8. Higher juice extrenten Percentage (29.20%) & higher TSQ index ( 15.16).

 

 

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pkv-ashwini

 

  PKV Ashwini ( W- 11/6)

  1. Released during 2006 (notified).
  2. It is earner than malkapur wani.
  3. It gives green hurda yield 42-43 q/ha & green fodder yield 214 q/ha.
  4. It has Shown an increase in sugar % in grains
  5. hence, it is more sweet than malkapur wani..
  6. It has easy thresh ability with desirable fragrance.

 

 

Contact Information

Senior Research Scientist
Sorghum Research Unit
Dr. P.D.K.V. Akola.
Office No. 0724- 2258756

 


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