All India Coordinated Research Project(AICRP) on MULLaRP (Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmash and Pea), Akola

 

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  About Project

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  Faculty Information

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  Agro Climatic Information

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  Infrastructure Facilities

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  Mandate

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  Research Activities and Achievements

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  Research Recommendations

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  Contact Information

 

About Project

This is a sub centre from 1992-93 established for research on pulses like Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmash and Pea.

 

Agro Climatic Information

Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state is mostly characterized by dryland farming. The climatic conditions of this region can be broadly described as semi-arid. The jurisdiction of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth is entire Vidarbha region. The region comprises of eleven districts viz. Buldana, Akola, Washim, Amravati, Yavatmal, Wardha, Nagpur, Bhandara, Gondia, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli.

 

  1. Assured rainfall kharif crop zone (ARK) comprises of Buldana, Akola, Washim, Amravati (excluding Warud and Dhamangaon tahsil) and part of Yavatmal (Pusad and Darwha tahsils) district. Its average rainfall is 693 mm distributed in 46 rainy days. July is the most wet month with 204 mm average monthly rainfall. It is essentially a kharif crop area with predominance of cotton and kharif sorghum. These two crops occupy more than 70% of the area. Among pulses udid, mung and pigeonpea in kharif and chickpea in rabi are grown on considerably large area. However, the yield levels are low.
  2. Moderate Rainfall Zone (MR) is spread over Yavatmal (except Pusad and Darwha tahsil); Nagpur (except Bhiwapur and part of Umred tahsil); Wardha and Chandrapur (Warora, Rajura tahsil) districts. Average annual rainfall is 1133 mm distributed in 59 rainy days. Maximum monthly average rainfall (323 mm) is received in 16 rainy days in July. Cotton, sorghum and pigeonpea are major kharif crops in this zone. Rabi sorghum is grown in Warora, Rajura and Ramtek tahsil. Mung, udid and Chickpea are grown all over the zone. The average yield of pigeonpea in Amravati, Yavatmal and Wardha districts are better than rest of Vidarbha.
  3. High Rainfall Zone (HR) comprises of Bhandara, Gondia, Chandrapur, (excluding Rajura and Warora tahsil), Gadchiroli and Nagpur (Bhiwapur and part of Umred tahsil) districts. Annual rainfall ranges from 1260 mm on western side of the zone to 1700 mm on a far eastern side. Average total annual rainfall is 1402 mm with 61 rainy days. Rainy season is from June to September. However, few showers (about 50 to 60 mm) are obtained in October, which are favourable for rabi pulses. It is predominantly a paddy growing area in kharif and most of the rabi area is under pulses such as chickpea, mung, udid, lathyrus, lentil, dolichos bean etc. However, the yield levels of pulses are very poor. In general, the pulses are neglected with almost no input and least management. Majority of them are under utera condition in which lathyrus is predominant.

 

Infrastructure

12.0 ha of land and Field laboratory

 

Mandate

  1. Genetic enhancement (stable productivity potential and desirable grain quality) and development of improved varieties at pulses to suit different agro-eco- system.

  2. Development of varieties with resistance/tolerance for major biotic and abiotic stresses.

  3. Developing production technology of pulses for higher monetary returns.

  4. To develop integrated pest and diseases management technique.

  5. Introduction of non-traditional MULLaRP crops suitable for Vidarbha

 

Research Activities and Achievements

A. Mungbean

  1. TAP-7, TARM-18, AKM-8803, AKM-8802 and PKV Green gold and PKV AKM-4 for kharif planting.

  2. TARM-1 and TARM-2 for rabi planting in eastern Vidarbha.

B. Urdbean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper)
  1. TAU-1, TAU-2, PKV Udid 15 for kharif planting
  2. Melghat (AKU-4) for rabi planting in Eastern Vidarbha.

 

Research Recommendations

Crop Production Technologies

A.Mungbean and Urdbean

  1. Pre-emergence application of Pendamethaline 0.75 kg a.i./ha followed by one hand weeding at 15 days after sowing is recommended for weed control in mung/udid.
  2. Application of Rhizobium + PSB 250 g for 10-12 kg seed is recommended for mung to reduce 50 % dose of recommended chemical fertilizer.

B. Rajmash

  1. Optimum sowing time in last week of October. However, under late planting in November, HUR-137 was found to be better.
  2. Intercropping in rajmash cv VL-63 is not economical hence sole cropping of rajma is recommended.
  3. For rajmash crop split application of N is undesirable. Hence the present recommendation of basal application (120 kg N/ha) remains unchanged present recommendation of basal application (120 kg N/ha) remains unchanged.

Crop Protection Technologies

A. Mungbean and Urdbean

  1. The application of Wettable sulphur, Carbendazim, Penconazole, Karathane 0.1 %, Thiovit 0.25 %, Sulphane 0.25 % or Elosol 0.25 % revealed superiority against powdery mildew of green gram and black gram whereas, application of Dithane M 45 was most effective against Cercospora leaf spot.
  2. The seed treatment with Trichoderma harzianum or Trichoderma viridae @ 4gm/kg seed before sowing is recommended for the management of wilt/root rot of green gram caused by Fusarium sp. and Rhizoctonia bataticola.

B. Pea

  1. Aplication of Calixin 0.3 per cent or Karathane 0.1 per cent or Thiovate 0.5 per cent or Sulphane 0.25 per cent or Bavistin 0.1 per cent is recommended for the management of powdery mildew of pea. Three sprays of any of the above fungicides at an interval of 10 days were found effective and thus recommended. First spray at the time of disease appearance and subsequently two sprays at 10 days interval were found effective.

MULLaRP Crop varieties released by Pulses Research Unit, Dr. PDKV, Akola

Sr. No
Crop Year of release Variety Salient features
1 Mung 1982 TAP – 7 Green, bright small grain, High yielding, Resistant to powdery mildew and leaf spot
1992 AKM – 8803 Acceptable grain size, Resistance to powdery mildew.
1992 TARM – 2 Suitable for rabi in Eastern Vidarbha, Resistant to powdery mildew
1994 TARM – 1 Suitable for rabi in Eastern Vidarbha, Resistant to powdery mildew
1995 TARM – 18 Powdery mildew resistant, High yielding, Suitable for kharif cultivation
1999 AKM – 8802 Moderately resistance to powdery mildew, Bold grain
2007 PKV Green gold
( AKM – 9911)
Short duration to suit as an intercrop, Determinate flowering and Synchronous maturity having grain yield superiority over existing varieties.
2009 PKV AKM – 4
(AKM 9904)
High yielding , Multiple disease resistance, Identified for central and south zone of India under AICRP on MULLaRP
2 Udid 1884 TAU – 1 High yielding, Moderately resistant to powdery mildew
1990 TAU – 2 High yielding, Non-shattering, Resistant to drought.
1994 AKU – 4
(Melghat)
Suitable for rabi in EVZ, bold grain, powdery mildew resistant
2005 PKV Udid 15
(AKU – 15)
Tolerant to powdery mildew in early stage. Free from yellow mosaic virus, an alternative to TAU-1
3 Lablab bean 2002 AKLB – 9306 Determinate, Bushy type

 

Contact Information

Dr. Ashok N. Patil
Senior Research Scientist
Pulses Research Unit
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
Krishi Nagar, Akola – 444 104, Maharashtra

Email: srspulses@pdkv.ac.in

Phone : (O) – 0724/2259391


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