All India Coordinated Research Project on Oilseeds (Linseed), Akola

 

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About Project

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Mandate

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Scientists

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Research Activities and Achievements

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New Projects

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Contact Information

 

About Project 

The AICRP on linseed and sesame was established at main campus of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola in April 1985. Subsequently this project was shifted to College of Agriculture, Nagpur from 1987 and AICRP on Rapeseed Mustard in June 2009. The work on the improvement of linseed in the Vidarbha region was started in the section of Economic Botanist, Nagpur in 1924-25 and one high yielding strain, EB-3 with higher oil content was developed. From 1934 to 1944, the work on this crop was done under the Oilseeds Research Scheme, Central Provinces, Nagpur and two improved strains, No-3 and No-55 possessing higher yield and higher oil content were developed. These strains though well suited to Vidarbha conditions were not resistant to rust. Attempts were, therefore made to develop rust resistant, high- yielding strains such as IP-135 and IP-328. As a result of hybridization and subsequent selection, one improved strain, C-429 was developed and released for cultivation in 1958. It combines high yield and high oil content No.-3 with rust resistance of IP-135. After the establishment of All India Coordinated Research Project on Linseed and Sesame in 1987 at Collage of Agriculture, Nagpur.

Linseed is an important oilseed crop in India and occupies 468.0 thousand ha with productivity of 349 kg/ha. In Maharashtra linseed is grown on 68.0 thousand ha with productivity of 279 kg/ha (Table-1.1). The cultivation of linseed is mainly concentrated in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The productivity in Maharashtra is low due to cultivation of linseed under no input condition, utera system of cropping and major linseed growing areas under moisture stress situation. However, there is an increase in Area (+25.93%), Production (+58.33%) and Productivity (+25.68) over 2002-2003 with the release of Linseed variety NL-97 in 1999.

Every part of the linseed plant is utilized commercially either directly or after processing. The linseed oil primarily goes to industries for manufacture of paints, varnish, oil cloth, linoleum and pad ink. The oil cake is a good for milch cattle. The stem yields fiber of good quality having high strength and durability. The woody matter and short fibers are used as a raw pulp for making paper of quality. Linseed oil possesses a very healthy fatty acid profile, particularly, Omega-3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid), richest source only in linseed (58%). ALA provides beneficial effects in numerous clinical conditions such as, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory disorders, immune function and cancer etc.

 

Mandate

Linseed Breeding

  • Development of high yielding varieties with high oil content for rainfed conditions.
  • Development of short duration varieties (105 days).
  • Development of Linseed varieties resistance to budfly, alternaria blight and powdery mildew.
  • Screening of Germplasm under abiotic stress.
  • Maintenance, evaluation and utilization of germplasm.
  • Value addition and product diversification for pharmaceutical and neutraceuticals purpose.

Linseed Agronomy

  • To study the production potentials and economics of different crops.
  • To find out optimum dose of NP for linseed crop sequence.
  • To find out suitable sowing scheduled and variety of Linseed for prevalent double cropping systems of the region.
  • To find out suitable moisture conservation practices for Linseed cultivation under rainfed conditions.
  • To find out optimum seed rate as well as extra early variety of Linseed for zone IV.
  • To find out the response of AVT (I) 2nd year entries to sowing schedule and fertilizer application.
  • To find out response of AVT (R) and EEMT entries of zone IV to seed rate and fertilizer application.

Linseed Pathology

  • To know the prevailance of linseed diseases occurring in the region.
  • To evaluate genotypes resistant against Powdery mildew.
  • To judge the tolerance potential of genotypes against Powdery mildew under natural and artificial condition.
  • To screen the advance breeding cultures before including in IVT for Powdery mildew resistant.
  • To know the disease reaction in breeding and agronomical trials against Powdery mildew and Alternaria blight.

Linseed Entomology

  • To study the population dynamics of major insect pest of linseed.
  • Screening of germplasm for budfly resistance.
  • To screen IVT/AVT entries for budfly resistance.
  • To find out the ETL level for economical control of linseed budfly infestation.
  • To know the relationship between pest incidence and weather factor.

 

Research Activities and Achievements

The follwing varieties are released

  1. NL-97 (1999)
  2. NL-142 (2004) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)
  3. NL-165 (2007) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)
  4. PKV-NL-260 (2009)
Variety : NL-142
Year of Identification 2004 NL-142
Parent R – 7 x RLC – 6
Breeding Method Pedigree
Recommended ecology Suitable for Rabi season under Irrigated condition.
Zone III comprising Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.
Plant Height 55 to 60 cm
Varietal Character Flower – blue colour, disc shape and medium size
Duration 118 to 123 days
Maturity Group Medium
Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases Moderately susceptible to wilt, alternaria blight and rust and moderately resistant to powdery mildew and bud fly. Resistant to leaf minor.
Seed Colour Brown with shining
Spacing 30 cm row to row and 3-5 cm plant to plant
Plant Population 7-8 lakh per hectare
Fertilizer Dose 60:30:00 NPK kg/ha
Seed Rate 25 kg/ha
1000 Seed Wt. 6.5 g
Oil Percentage 42 %
Average Yield Average 1510 kg/ha
Variety : NL-165
Year of Identification 2007 NL-165
Parent NL-24 x JLT-18
Breeding Method Pedigree
Recommended ecology Suitable for Rabi season under Irrigated condition.
Zone III comprising Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.
Plant Height 55 to 60 cm
Varietal Character Flower Blue colour, funnel form and medium size
Duration 116-121 days
Maturity Group Medium
Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases Moderately resistant to wilt, powdery mildew and budfly. Moderately susceptible to alternaria blight and resistant to leaf minor.
Seed Colour Light Brown
Spacing 30 cm row to row and 3-5 cm plant to plant
Plant Population 7-8 lakh per hectare
Fertilizer Dose 25:25:00 NPK kg/ha
Seed Rate 25 kg/ha
1000 Seed Wt. 6.4 gm
Oil Percentage 40 %
Average Yield Average 1629 kg/ha (1600-2300 kg/ha)
Variety : PKV NL-260
Year of Identification 2009 NL-260
Parent R-552 x RLC-6
Breeding Method Pedigree
Recommended ecology Suitable for Rabi season :
Rainfed – Last week of October
Irrigated – First week of November
Plant Height 45-63 cm
Varietal Character Flower Blue colour
Duration Average 105 days (97-111days)
Maturity Group Early
Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases Moderately resistant to alternaria, powdery mildew and budfly.
Seed Colour Light Brown
Spacing 30 cm row to row distance
Plant Population 7-8 lakh per hectare
Fertilizer Dose 25:25:00 NPK kg/ha
Seed Rate 25 kg/ha
1000 Seed Wt. 7.6 gm
Oil Percentage 38 %
Average Yield Average 963 kg/ha (900-1800 kg/ha)

 

New Projects

ICAR-NAIP Projects
1 “Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security in Backward District of Maharashtra: Linseed Intervention”.
  Consortia Partners
BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Mahatama Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri; (3) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola; (4) Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur and (5) Dr. Hedgewar Seva Samiti, Nandurbar as Cooperating Centres.

Objective

  1. Promotion of high yielding and resistant varieties of linseed. (NL-97 and NL-260)
  2. Improved package of production and protection for increasing productivity.
  3. Training to farmers for seed production of improved varieties at village level.
   
2 “A Value Chain on Linseed: Processing and Value Addition for Profitability”
  Consortia Partners
BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola.

Objective

  1. Seed production of improved high yielding and resistant varieties of Linseed.
  2. Screening of Linseed varieties for SDG(Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside) and Fatty acid profile.
   
Indo-Canadian Project On Linseed Biotechnology
3 “Towards genetic improvement of flax for oil and agronomic traits”
  Collaborative Partners
(1) National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, (2) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, (3) AICRP on Linseed, College of Agriculture, Nagpur, Dr. P.D.K.V., Akola, (4) NRC-Plant Biotechnology Institute, 110 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Objective

  1. Generating Comprehensive Genomics resource base.
  2. Molecular marker development and exploitation.
  3. Exploring fatty acid synthesis and other nutritional aspects of flax.
  4. Molecular genetics of genes associated with important traits.
  5. Application of genomic and molecular tools in flax improvement.

Activity:

  1. Development of comprehensive genomic resources main responsibility.
  2. Development of molecular markers suitable for application in flax breeding.
  3. Understanding and elucidating biosynthesis and regulatory mechanisms in fatty acid biosynthetic pathways.
  4. Translational research : Beginning in project period may extend beyond the project period.

 

Contact Information 

Principal scientist and Linseed Breeder
All India Coordinated Research Project on Oilseeds (Linseed)
College of Agriculture
Nagpur – 440001 (Maharashtra)


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