All India Coordinated Research Project on Soybean, Amravati

 

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About Project

TAMS-98-21

TAMS-38

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Faculty Information

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Agroclimatic Information

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Infrastructure Facilities

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Mandate

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Research Activities and Achievements

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Research Recommendations

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Transfer of Technology

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Publications

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Contact Information

 

About Project

The center was started research on soybean voluntarily from 2001 under AICRP and upgraded as Sub-center in 2002 and started multidisciplinary research work on soybean. Further in 2009 Directorate Soybean Research (ICAR), Khandawa Road, Indore (MP) upgraded as a Main Soybean Research Center (AICRP). Now this center is one of the Main Soybean Research Center among the eight main center of the country.

 

Agro Climatic Information

Amravati is located between 21o46′ North to 20o 32′ to North and 78o 27′ East to 76o 37′, at an altitude of 365 meters above the mean sea level. It comes under Assured Rainfall Zone. Rains are mostly received from South-West monsoon during June to October with mean annual precipitation 851.40 mm of which is generally received in avg. 42 rainy days. Amravati faces extreme variations in temperature with very hot summer and very cold winters.

 

Infrastructure Facilities

This center having laboratory facility to carry out experimental aspect. This include, Hot air oven, Autoclave, Rapid Plant Stress Screening Device, Germinator, Canopy Analyzer, Image Analyzer with Microscope Set up, Auto Kjeldhal System, Deep freezer, Glassware’s, Chemicals etc. To conduct in vitro experiment one Polyhouse and one net house is available.

 

Mandate

AICRP on soybean involved multi-displinary research includes Soybean Breeding, Soybean Entomology, Soybean Pathology and Soybean Agronomy. Principal mandate of this project is to develop soybean varieties with high yielding, wider adoptable and suitable for existing cropping system. Development of soybean production technology is also a part of mandatory research of this unit. Transfer of improved technology on soybean to the cultivators of Vidarbha is one of the mandatory works

 

Research Activities and Achievements

AICRP involved in conducting the front line demonstration, adaptive trials through KVK’s on farmers field and experimental trials viz. PYT, MVT, IVT and AVT , Selection, Hybridization, Mutation and germplasm maintenance etc.

Soyabean Breeding Programme

  1. Hybridization and selection in segregating generation.
  2. Collection, evaluation and maintenance of soybean germplasm.
  3. Screening and selection of promising genotype.
  4. Generation advancement studies F1,F2,F3, F4, F5 and F6
  5. Mutation breeding and selection of desirable mutant lines

Soyabean Pathology and Microbiology

  1. Trap nursery, survey and surveillance for soybean disease in Vidarbha
  2. Screening of soybean breeding material against major and minor diseases of soybean
  3. Disease management and microbiological experiments.

Soyabean Entomology

  1. Study the seasonal incidence of major insect pests of soybean.
  2. Screening of breeding material for their recognition against major insect pests of soybean.
  3. Development of Integrated Pest Management technology.

Soyabean Agronomy

  1. Agronomic requirement of newly released and pre-released soybean genotypes in relation to their seed rate, plant densities and nutrient level.
  2. Optimization of nutritional and irrigation schedule for newly released varieties.
  3. Integrated Nutrient Management and soybean based cropping system.

Achievements

  1. This centre has released two soybean varieties viz., TAMS-38 and TAMS-98-21.
  2. In 2009 ,this center affirmed as Main Center for Soybean research by All India Coordinated Research Project on Soybean, DSR( ICAR, New, Delhi), Indore(MP)
  3. Successfully completed the three years project entitled “Genetic improvement of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) for resistance to moisture stress, root rot and collar rot through induced mutation” in collaboration with BARC, Trombay, Mumbai.
  4. The center has awarded by 3rd prize in AGROTECH-2009 and 2nd prize in Krishi Melawa 2010 held at Gondia and Amravati respectively.
  5. The center is major contributed to develop production technology of soybean.

 

Research Recommendations

This centre has released two soybean varieties viz., TAMS-38 and TAMS-98-21. The update information of these varieties is as follows:

1. TAMS-38

Soybean variety TAMS-38 released in 2003 and Notified by central seed committee, ICAR, New Delhi in 2005. It registered and conserved in NBPGR in the name of IC-295927. The variety TAMS-38 (Monetta x PK-472) is early, with determinate growth habit which gave 15-20% more yield in multilocation varietal trials over JS-335. It is tolerant to multiple pest and disease and delayed pod shattering habit. DNA finger printing of this variety is completed.

2. TAMS-98-21

TAMS-98-21 released in 2005. It registered and conserved in NBPGR in the name of IC-415096. The variety TAMS-98-21 is a mutant of JS-80-21 which gave 21% more yield in multilocation varietal trials over JS-335, with high oil quality (PUFA) (59.1% i.e. Lnoleic (52.6%) + Linolenic acid (6.5%) than JS-335 (PUFA 55% i.e. Linoleic (48.8%) + Linolenic acid (6.2%).It is tolerant to multiple pest and disease and delayed pod shattering habit.

SoyRes-1

Special activities and outstanding work done by center

  1. Pre Release Proposals of AMS 99-33 Soybean Variety submitted to Research Review Committee, Dr.PDKV, Akola
  2. List of Promising Genotypes
    AMS-353, AMS 99-33, AMS-MB-5-19, AMS-MB-5-29, AMS-MB-5-31, AMS-4-4, AMS-243, AMS-4-63, AMS- 323, AMS-MB-5-18
  3. Studies on screening of soybean genotypes on root length and high density of root moss. Mutant line has been selected having 27 cm primary root length in M-6 generation
  4. Morphological Distinct germaplasm developed by mutation breeding
  5. Shri S. K. Dhapke, Soybean Breeder participate and presented two research papers in World Soybean Research Conference VIII held at Bejing, China during 10th -15th August 2009.

 

 

Transfer of Technology

The following production technology packages are recommended to be followed to get the expected yield of the soybean crop.

  1. Due to uncertainty of rainfall and large gaps in rainfalls during the growing period of soybean up to 30 to 40 % yield loss was occurred. For that farmers should follow the water conservation techniques as recommended by university and protective irrigation at flowering and pod filling stage.
  2. Medium to heavy soil with good drainage quality having the pH 6.5 to 7.5 should be selected. In ill drain soils, gypsum 5 q/ha should be mixed in the soil at preparatory tillage.
  3. Crop rotation should be followed.
  4. Well decomposed FYM or Compost/ vermicompost @ 5 ton per hectare should be applied to the soil.
  5. Selection of improved and high yielding varieties.
  6. Use of genetically and physically pure seed for sowing.
  7. As soybean crop is sensitive to germination percentage farmers must test the germination percentage of seed before sowing. The seed having germination percentage less than 70% should not use for sowing purpose.
  8. Proper spacing, either 30 x 8 cm (light soil) or 45 x 5 cm (medium to black soil) and optimum seed rate (75 kg/ha.) should be followed to have the optimum plant population of about 4 to 4.5 lakhs/hector.
  9. Seed treatment @ 3g Thiram or 2gm Thiram + 1gm Carbendezim /kg seed and Trichoderma viridi @ 4g / kg of seed should be done before sowing.
  10. The biofertilizers Rhizobium japonicum and phosphate solubilizing bacteria 25 gm / kg seed each should be used for treating the seed before sowing.

 

Publications 

SoyPubl-1      Published so many news articles regarding awareness of low cost production technology includes pest and disease management, soybean seed production techniques and improved cultivation practices of soybean.    SoyPubl-2

 

Contact Information

Head
Regional Research Center
Morshi Road, Amravati -444603 (MS)
Phone No. (0721) 2663076
E-mail : rrc_amt@rediffmail.co


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