Department of Agricultural Botany


glass_43     About Department
glass_43   Academic Programmes
glass_43   Infrastructure
glass_43   Mandate
glass_43   Faculty
glass_43   Research Activities and Achievements
glass_43   Extension Activities and Achievements
glass_43   Research Recommendations
glass_43   Publications
glass_43   Thesis Abstracts (M.Sc.)
glass_43   Contact Information


About Department

The department of Agriculture Botany was established in the year 1970 under Post Graduate Institute, Dr. PDKV, Akola. M.Sc. and Ph.D. courses were started in Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology.

At present intake capacity of the students is as below

Sr. No. Subject Present Intake Capacity Ph.D.
1 Genetics and Plant Breeding 13 03
2 Physiology 05 03
3  Seed Technology 05
  Total 23 06

     Historical Perspective of  the Department

Department of Agril. Botany established in the year 1970 under Post Graduate Institute, Akola. Since establishment this department runs M.Sc. (Agri.) degree programme in the subject of Agricultural Botany (Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology and Biotechnology). Ph. D. Degree programme with specialization in Genetics and Plant Breeding as well as in Plant Physiology by course work and research was started from 1986.

P.G. specialization in Agril. Botany M.Sc. (Agriculture) Ph.D.
Since 1970    
a) Genetics and Plant Breeding 06
b) Plant Physiology 02
Since 1996    
a) Genetics and Plant Breeding 08 02
b) Plant Physiology 04
Since 2000    
a) Genetics and Plant Breeding 12 02
b) Plant Physiology 04 02
c) Seed Technology 03
d) Agricultural Biotechnology 12 03
Since 2010    
a) Genetics and Plant Breeding 13 03
b) Plant Physiology 06 02
c) Seed Technology 05
d) Agricultural Biotechnology 12 03

 Academic Programmes

  • M. Sc. in Genetics & plant breeding
  • M. Sc. in plant physiology
  • M. Sc. in seed technology
  • Ph. D. in Genetics & plant breeding
  • Ph. D. in plant physiology

M.Sc. Courses:

  • Core courses (Total Credits-20)
  • Minor Courses (Total Credits-10/12)
  • Supporting Courses (Total Credits-06)
  • Research (Total Credits-20)
  • Seminar (Total Credits-01)

Course Structure at a Glance




GP-501 Principles of Genetics 2+1
GP-502 Principles of Cytogenetics 2+1
GP-503 Principles of Plant Breeding 2+1
GP-504 Principles of Quantitative Genetics 2+1
GP-505 Mutagenesis and Mutation Breeding 2+1
GP-506 Population Genetics 1+1
GP-507 Heterosis Breeding 1+1
GP-508 Cell biology and Molecular Genetics 2+1
GP-509 Biotechnology for Crop Improvement 2+1
GP-510 Breeding for biotic and abiotic stress resistance 2+1
GP-511 Breeding cereals, forages and sugarcane 2+1
GP-512 Breeding legumes, oilseeds and fibre crops 2+1
GP-513 Breeding for quality trains 1+1
GP-514 Gene regulation and expression 2+0
GP-515 Maintenance breeding, concepts of variety release and seed production 1+1
GP-516 Germplasm collection, exchange and quarantine 2+1
GP-517 Data base management, evaluation and utilization 2+1
GP-591 Master’s seminar 1+0
GP-599 Master’s research


M.Sc.(Agri.) : Plant Physiology

Course No. Course Title Credits
PP-501* Principals of Plant Physiology 3+1=4
PP-511 Mineral Nutrition  2+1=3
 PP -508* Morphogenesis Tissue culture and Transformation 2+1=3
PP-502* Plant Developmental Biology Physiological and molecular basis 2+0=2
PP-503* Physiological & molecular responses of plants to abiotic stresses 2+1=3
PP-504* Hormonal Regulation of Plant growth and development 2+1=3
PP -506* Physiology of Growth, Yield and Modeling 1+1=2
PP-591 Masters Seminar 0+1=1

M.Sc.(Agri.) : Seed Science & Technology

Course No. Course Title Credits
SST-501 Floral Biology, Seed development & maturation 1+1=2
SST-502 Principles of Seed Production 2+0=2
SST-506 Seed legislation & certification 2+1=3
SST-509 Seed Physiology 2+1=3
SST-503 Seed Production in field crops 2+1=3
SST-508 Seed quality testing 2+1=3
SST-507 Seed Processing & Storage 2+1=3
SST-515 Emerging Trends in seed quality enhancement. 1+1=2
SST-591 Masters Seminar 0+1=1

Ph.D. Courses:

  • Core courses (Total Credits-18)
  • Minor Courses (Total Credits-10)
  • Supporting Courses (Total Credits-05)
  • Research (Total Credits-45)
  • Seminar (Total Credits-02)

Ph.D. (Agri.) : Genetics and Plant Breeding

Course No. Course Title Credits
GP-601 Plant genetic resources and their utilization 2+0
GP-602 Advances in quantitative genetics 2+1
GP-603 Genomics in crop improvement 2+1
GP-604 Cellular and chromosomal manipulations in crop improvement 2+1
GP-605 Advances plant breeding systems 2+0
GP-606 Crop evolution 2+1
GP-607 Breeding designer crops 1+1
GP-608 Advances in breeding of major field crops 3+0
GP-609 Microbial genetics 2+1
GP-610 In situ and ex situ conservation of germplasm 2+1
GP-691 Doctoral seminar I 1+0
GP-692 Doctoral seminar II 1+0
GP-699 Doctoral research 45

Ph.D. (Agri.)  : Plant Physiology


Course Title Credits
PP-604 Techniques in Plant Physiology 1+2=3
PP-609 Advances in Crop Physiology 2+0=2
PP-610 Nitrogen metabolism 2+1=3
PP-605 Climate change and Crop growth 2+0=2
PP-606 Post harvest physiology 2+0=2
PP-607 Weed physiology and herbicide action 1+1=2
PP-608 Seed Physiology 2+1=3
PP-691 Doctoral Seminar-I 0+1=1
PP-692 Doctoral Seminar-II 0+1=1


Infrastructure Facilities



                                                 Smart Classroom


Laboratory of Genetics & Plant Breeding       Laboratory of Plant Physiology


Departmental Digital library

Classrooms and Laboratories:

There are two classrooms and two functionallaboratories in the department of Agril. BotanyLaboratories areequipped with all scientific equipment’s for carrying out the basic research activities.

Plant Breeding Laboratory



Name Quantity Available
1 Refrigerators 2
2 Water baths 1
3 Hot air oven 1
4 Shakers 1
5 Compound microscopes 2
6 Research microscopes 20
7 Micropipettes 5
8 Laminar Flow Work Stations 2
9 Magnetic Stirrers 1
10 Filtration systems 1
11 Analytical /digital balance 1
12 pH meter 1
13 Distillation Apparatus 1

Crop Physiology Laboratory

Sr. No. Name of equipment Equipment available
1 Spectrophotometer 1
2 Flame photometer 1
3 BOD Incubator 1
4 Electronic balance 1
5 Hot air oven 1
6 Leaf area meter 1
7 Distilled water assembly 2
8 Calcium/Magnesium meter 1
9 Grinding machine 1
10 Muffle furnace 1
  • Quality education to the M.Sc. &Ph.D students.
  • Development of high yielding varieties/hybrids of different crops having resilience to climate change.

Research Activities

Thrust Area:

  1. Conservation of Biodiversity
  2. Maintenance and evaluation of germplasm
  3. Development of genotypes of different crops for special traits(quality, quantity, resistant/tolerance to various pests/ diseases and abiotic stresses) including climatic change
  4. Development of genotypes resilience to climatic change
  5. Breeding for mechanical harvesting

Varieties/hybrids Released During the last 5 years by Department of Botany, Dr. PDKV, Akola

Sr. No. Crop Name of Variety/hybrid Year of Release
1 Black Gram AKU 10-1 2014-15
2   PDKV Black Gold 2014-15
3 Pigeonpea AKPHM 11303 2014-15
4 Cotton AKH-9916 2014-15
5   AKA-2005-3 2014-15
6 Sorghum CSH 35 (National level) 2015-16
7   AKSV 181 2015-16
8   Wani 103 2015-16
9 Wheat PDKV Sardar 2015-16
10 Sunflower PDKVSH 952 2015-16
11 Sorghum PDKV Kartiki 2016-17
12 Chickpea AKG 1109 2016-17
13 Paddy SKL 9 2016-17
14 Groundnut AKG 335 2016-17
15 Soybean AMS 1001 2017-18
16 Paddy PDKV Tilak 2017-18
17   SKL-10 2017-18


Research Achievements

Varieties Released :



Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) ·      In university multilocation trial PDKV Kartiki recorded 45.10% and 26.92% higher green hurda yield over the local check MalkapurWani and PDKV Ashwini respectively.  

·      The organoleptic properties like aroma, taste and other traits like color, size and shape of the proposed variety is found excellent.

·      Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) has got good and easy threshability.

·      Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) has got good disease and pest reaction which is comparable to both the checks.

·      In agronomic trial the Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) has shown fertilizer responsiveness to various fertilizer levels.

·       In economic analysis, Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) has recorded the highest B:C ratio of 8.13

·      In adoptive trials over the farmers fields, Wani 103 (PDKV Kartiki) has shown the increased green hurda yield over local check MalkapurWani by 121.49% and over the last release PKV Ashwini by 40.55%.

Ground Nut
AKA-335 ·   In overall trials conducted the proposed variety AK 335 recorded 19.2 % increase over AK 159 (ZC), 22.1 % over TAG 24 (ZC) and 15.8 % over JL 24.  

·    In the University Multilocation varietal trials AK 335 has recorded higher pod yield potential. It has shown an increase in pod yield by 18.0 % over check AK 159, 19.0 % over TAG 24 and 15.8 % over JL 24.

·   AK 335 has moderate resistance to major diseases (Tikka & Collar rot)

·   AK 335 has moderate resistance to major pests (Jassid, thrips& Aphids).

·   Also suitable to grow in rabi-summer season for seed production purpose.





·  State Mustard TPDKV 108-1 has 15.7 % increased seed yield over Shatabdi,, 21.7% over Pusa bold and 18.8% over National check Kranti in Multilocation varietal trials of the University.  

·  The proposed variety State Mustard TPDKV 108-1 has recorded higher yield potential. It has recorded yield of 3241 kg/ha as reported at SardarKrushinagar.

·  State Mustard TPDKV 108-1 has 35.6 % increased seed yield over Shatabdi,, 36.7 over Pusa bold and 34.1% over National check Kranti

·  State Mustard TPDKV 108-1 has 31.7 % increased oil yield over Shatabdi,, 46.4% over Pusa bold and 47.4% over National check Kranti





SKL-2-50-56-45-30-60 (Sakoli-9) · Midlate duration (130-135 days)  

· Medium slender grains with test weight 19.06 g.

· In University station trial SKL-2-50-56-45-30-60 rice culture has given 23.18% & 39.76% (IVT-2010) and 20.66% & 45.94% (AVT-2011) grain yield superiorly over check variety PKV HMT and state ch. RP-4-14 respectively.

· 28.4% and 15.8% yield advantage over Vidarbha check variety PKV HMT and State check variety RP-4-14 respectively in Vidarbha Region in Maharashtra State Co-ordinated trial. 28.4% and 3.41% yield advantage on overall mean of three years over Vidarbha check variety PKV HMT and State check variety RP-4-14 in Maharashtra State Co-ordinated trial (Midlate).

· 29.42% and 7.63% yield advantage over local check and national check NDR-359 in Maharashtra state in All India Co-ordinated trial

· High head rice recovery (> 64%), good cooking quality and intermediate AC (22.55%).

· Promising culture to stem borer.

· Average grain yield 3873 kg/ha.

· Average grain yield 4259 kg/ha. in adaptive trial



(SYE- 503-78-34-2)


1.    Duration : 140-145 Days to seed Maturity  (Late Duration)  

2.    Fine grain type (Short Slender)

3.    Test weight – 11.96 g

4.    Good cooking quality and intermediate Amylose content (22.26 %)

5.    High milling (70.40 %)

6.    Head recovery (58.5 %)

7.    Moderately resistant to Plant hopper and Gall midge and moderate reaction to neck blast

AMS-1001 1.  High yield potential –  

2.  In MVT AMS 1001 has shown 24.17 % and 20.58 % increase seed yield over state check MAUS-71 and JS-335 respectively.

3.  In SMVT it has shown 36.01%, 30.58 % and 33.82% increase seed yield over JS-335,JS-97-52 and MAUS-71 respectively.

4.  In AICRP trial AMS-1001 has shown an increase in seed yield by 46.71 % over JS 95-60,  38.29 % over JS 93-05 and  12.91 % over JS-335.

5.  Resistant to Rhizoctonia root rot and Yellow mosaic virus in natural field condition.

6.  Moderate resistant to Girdle beetle and Stemfly and tolerant to leaf defoliator.

7.  Medium maturity duration (96 days)

8.  Pod shattering resistance up to 10 days from harvest maturity.

9.  Trypsin inhibitor contained in this variety has found less (35.79%) than JS 335 (39.77%) and JS 93-05 (39.96%)


PKVSH-952 ·          High yielding: Seed yield of PKVSH 952 (1548 kg/ha.) was higher over PKVSH 27 (1331 kg/ha.) by about 16.3 per cent.  

·          Medium duration : PKVSH 952 matures in 90 days (seed to seed) as against check PKVSH 27 which matures in 82 days


AKAW-4210-6 ·          Suitable for cultivation under IR-LS conditions  in Maharashtra State  

·          Early Maturity & hence wider adaptability to sowing time

·          Good yield potential (40-42 qt/ha) under IR-LS

·          Non-lodging and easy thresh ability

·          Rust resistance

·          High Iron, Zinc and Manganese content

·          Good chapatti and bread making quality



Extension Activities and Achievements


Summer School, Winter School, CAS Training organized)

Sr. No. Name of Event Date Place No. Participants
1 VasantraoNaik Seminar on Conventional and Biotechnological Approaches for crop Improvement 19-20, March, 2015 Department of Botany, Dr. PDKV, Akola



Details of Guest lectures organized for update knowledge of Students

Topic Speaker Date
Transcriptomics studies in crop plants Dr. Vidya Gupta, Head, NCL, Pune 20-03-2015
Applications of atomic energy in agriculture    
Fellowships and job opportunists in Nuclear Science to Agricultural Post-Graduate Dr. Manjaya, Scientist, BARC, Mumbai 15-01-2018
Status of Millets in India Dr. Bhatt, PC, Small Millets, Bengalaru 12-12-2017
Status of Wheat Breeding in India Dr. Saiprasad, Chief Scientist, Regional Wheat Research Station, Indore 15-12-2017


Research Recommendations (Approved in AGRESCO)

Sr. No Year


1 2013-14 Polymer coating @ 3ml/kg seed in combination with flow able thiram @ 2.4ml/kg of Soybean seed before storage is recommended for maintaining the seed quality of Soybean for 12 month storage and higher yield.
2 2013-14 Presowinghydropriming seed treatment for  8 hrs with 1:2 seed water ratio followed by drying at room temperature to normal moisture content (2days) is recommended for expected and uniform field emergence plant stand establishment and improving seed yield by 10 -15 % in pigeonpea. 
3 2013-14 It is recommended that for grading of paddy varieties a sieve of 1.4 mm for fine 1.6 mm for coarse variety may be used in place of presently recommended 1.8 mm sieve.
4 2014-15 Two sprays @ 250ppm of Maleic hydrazide, First at 50 days followed by 60 days after sowing is recommended for inducing up to 35 days in green gram
5 2014-15 Two foliar spray of salicylic acid @ 1.50mm (145 gm in 700 ltr of water/ha) at 75 & 105 Days after sowing under rainfed condition of Maharashtra may be given for maximization of cotton yield.
6 2017-18 For higher yield and benefit from green gram two foliar spray of 30 ppm putrescine @ 25 & 40 days after sowing is recommended. (putrescine is dissolve in alcohol)
7 2017-18 For higher yield and benefit from green gram two foliar spray of 40 ppm Chitosan at 25 & 40 days after sowing is recommended. (Chitosan is dissolve in 0.1 N HCL i.e. 8.5 ml HCL in 1 liter of water or latrine acid 20 to 25 ml in 1 liter)




Contact Information

Dr. D. V. Durge

Deptt. of Agricultural Botany
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi
Vidyapeeth, Akola

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